Insulin-mediated hypoglycaemia secondary to recurrent clear cell renal carcinoma

Renal cell carcinoma has previously been associated with hypoglycaemia in the setting of non-islet cell tumours, caused by a paraneoplastic phenomenon relating to the production of insulin-like growth factor type II. We present a case of recurrent clear cell renal cell carcinoma, leading to an insulin-mediated paraneoplastic phenomenon causing severe recurrent hypoglycaemia. Hypoglycaemina was managed successfully using diazoxide therapy, in conjunction with pazopanib and radiotherapy to reduce tumour burden.

Apparent oliguria following urological surgery

Oliguria is a common feature of acute kidney injury (AKI), but should be interpreted in the context of other biochemical markers when diagnosing and monitoring AKI or considering the need for renal support. We report an unusual case of apparent severe oliguria arising as a result of complex urological pathology and discuss how an understanding of creatinine kinetics raised suspicions of an alternative diagnosis. We discuss the problems caused by an over-reliance on urine output or serum creatinine alone when diagnosing and staging AKI and highlight the need for a more holistic approach.