Tuberculosis of the axial skeleton mimicking malignancy

Multifocal bony lesions involving vertebral bodies and cancellous bones commonly occur in metastases and haematological malignancies. However, tuberculosis being a ‘great mimic’, can have a similar presentation. We present a young Indian female who had bony lesions involving multiple cancellous bones, without constitutional features. Extensive search for a neoplastic cause revealed negative results. Histopathological examination of the involved tissue revealed diagnosis of tuberculosis, which was not suspected. The patient improved remarkably with antitubercular therapy.