Hypokalaemic rhabdomyolysis as initial presentation of primary aldosteronism

Rhabdomyolysis is a clinical syndrome characterised by the destruction of skeletal muscle with subsequent leakage of intracellular muscle contents into the systemic circulation. It is commonly caused by trauma, strenuous physical activities, medications, illicit drug use, toxins, infections and electrolyte abnormalities. It can manifest as myalgia, muscle weakness, or myoglobinuria with or without acute kidney injury. Severe hypokalaemia leading to rhabdomyolysis is a rare initial presentation of primary aldosteronism, with limited case reports in existing medical literature.