Adrenal insufficiency in decompensated cirrhotic patients without infection: prevalence, predictors and impact on mortality

Background Relative adrenal insufficiency (RAI) is common in compensated and decompensated chronic liver disease in the presence of sepsis. This study was performed to find out the prevalence of RAI in decompensated cirrhotic patients presenting with hepatic encephalopathy and variceal bleeding without any evidence of infection.

Pulmonary hypertension and hepatic encephalopathy: lethal complications of Rendu-Osler-Weber disease

Hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) is an autosomal dominant disorder characterised by epistaxis, mucocutaneous telangiectasia with systemic manifestations due to visceral telangiectasia and arterio-venous malformations (AVMs). We describe unusual complications of HHT in a 68-year-old male who developed high-output cardiac failure with pulmonary hypertension in combination with hepatic encephalopathy due to hepatic AVMs. This case shows the importance of a multi-system approach to HHT and considers the treatment of its hepatic complications.