A patient with atrioventricular block and ventricular tachycardia: think sarcoid!

Cardiac involvement in sarcoidosis is often difficult to diagnose, and most alarmingly can lead to sudden cardiac arrest as its first manifestation. We report the case of a 45-year-old Indian woman with an implanted permanent pacemaker for atrioventricular block, who presented with haemodynamically stable ventricular tachycardia and was found to have impaired left ventricular function. Subsequent investigations established the diagnosis of cardiac sarcoidosis. The patient was treated with prednisolone initially at 40 mg a day for 3 months.