In this episode we explore the history of renal medicine, examining how difficult it was to uncover what was happening inside the body before medical advances in the 1800s. Theories around how the kidney worked, and what to do when it failed, are uncovered – alongside some very strange attempts at treatment.

We also talk to Professor Neil Turner about what it is like to work as a nephrologist today.

And we finish by exploring the first successful example of kidney dialysis – which trialled on a Nazi collaborator.

A full transcript of this podcast episode can be downloaded here.