Hospital-acquired Clostridium difficile infection among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in acute medical wards

Background:Clostridum difficile (C. difficile) infection is increasingly seen among hospitalised patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus but its rate and associated risk factors are not known. We aimed to determine the rate and characteristics of hospital-acquired C. difficile infection in subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus admitted into acute medical wards.

The role of bariatric surgery in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus

Medical treatments for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and class II and above obesity (body mass index greater than 35 kg/m2) are currently limited to treatment of diabetes and prevention of its vascular complications. Bariatric surgery is by far the most effective treatment not only for weight loss, but also for improvement or remission of diabetes. This editorial examines the current evidence for the impact of bariatric surgery on weight loss and type 2 diabetes.