Biomarkers and newer laboratory investigations in the diagnosis of sepsis

Sepsis is a major cause of death in hospitalised patients accounting for mortality rates as high as 60% and, hence, is called ‘a hidden public health disaster’. Sepsis is defined as life-threatening organ dysfunction caused by a dysregulated host response to infection. Sepsis is not a disease but is a clinical syndrome, where the initial features are nonspecific resulting in delayed diagnosis. Lack of specific laboratory tests to diagnose the syndrome adds to the diagnostic confusion.

Aortic stenosis – pathogenesis, prediction of progression, and percutaneous intervention


Aortic stenosis is common and an important cause of morbidity and mortality. Prevalence will increase significantly in forthcoming decades as a function of the ageing population; treatment by means of surgery or percutaneous intervention is expensive. Epidemiological, mechanistic and interventional studies are therefore vital to determine optimal and innovative treatments and their funding.